Lanark County (Ontario) was described at the beginning of the 19th century, as “A great wilderness to the north and west of the Rideau River” described as a place in the Ottawa Valley where the people spoke with an accent best described as a mixture of Scotch and root beer. (My first cousin gathered this information and her parents will be mentioned later on in this little excerpt, as they farmed the homestead where my grandparents (my Mothers parents) moved in the early 1900’s.
Although I cannot attest to the data accuracy of the Hickey immigration from “Ireland” it is believed that my great- grandfather (Richard Hickey married to Alice Filletter) emigrated from Ireland sometime in the early 1850’s. The British government decided on an emigration scheme to settle the wilderness following the war of 1812-14 against the American States. Scottish settlers, followed soon by Irish ones, arrived in Quebec City, then in Montreal, by boat. From there they travelled on foot through swamp and bush to Perth where the British army was settling its discharged soldiers. He acquired the deed and settled on the homestead between the 7th and 9th line in Lanark.
My great-grandfather Richard Hickey SR (1815-1893) married Alice Filletter (1816-1906) James Hickey Sr. born on a farm just one mile from the homestead (between the 8th and 9th line) on which he lived for many years. James (1855-1934) married Margaret Trodden(1869-1946) from Stanleyville. The homestead would be farmed by his eldest son James Thomas until 1940 at which time he sold the farm and moved to Kingston Ontario. James rented the Tullis home in Lanark Ontario, until the new house in Kingston was built. I could find no record to identify how many siblings my Grandfather James Hickey had. Margaret’s parents also emigrated from Ireland but I have not been able to confirm the date of their immigration. My grandparents James (40) and Margaret (27) were married in 1890. They had twelve children:
-James (1892-1967) married 1925 to Mary Anne Adam (1897-1974)
-Jean (1894 - ) married 1922 to Joseph Magnus
-Richard John (1895-1960) married 1921 Hilda Murphy
-Mary Alice (1894- 1963) married 1917to Sylvester Renaud
-Ann Elizabeth (1899- ) married to ? Childs
-William Robert (1901- ) married 1926 to Helen Mary Finkler
-Vincent (1902- )
-Margaret Theresa (1904- ) married to ? Kirk
-Martin Emmett (1905- 1936)
-David Edward (1908- 1910)
-Claire May (1911- ) married to Jim Martin
James Thomas (1892-1967) married Mary Anne Adam (1897-1974) from Stanleyville on October 5, 1925. Perth dates back from 1816 and owes its name to Scotland’s town of Perth on the Tay River. The land around the Ontario town was settled by farmers from the British Isles as well as by discharged soldiers who were given grants of land to farm. My mother’s (Mary Anne) German-born great-grandfather, Peter Adam, was part of that military settlement. After demobilization from the British army (the de Watteville regiment), he acquired the deed to a poor farm in North Burgess township near the village of Stanleyville. That deed, today is framed and is with Eric Adam (Mary Anne’s nephew), is dated 1820 and is signed by King George IV. Almost a hundred years would pass before Peter’s youngest grandson William Henry (Mary Anne’s father) moved the family to a better farm in Drummond. It is interesting to note that Adam Lake was named after the Adam line, specifically Peter Adam who settled there. This is noted on the map from 1879.
William Henry Adam (1870-1956) married Catherine Ellen Donnelly (1874-1961) in 1896. They had ten children Mary Anne (1897-1974) sp James Hickey (1892-1967), Ewart Francis-Regis (1899-1991)sp Anna Irene Dowdall (1900-1992), Walter Joseph (1901-1979) sp Ida Mabel Clarke (1899-1967), James Clifford (1903-1999) sp Marie-Louise “Vilda” Mailloux (1906-1990), Kenneth (1905-1976) sp Catherine Mahoney (1891-1988), John (1907-1943)sp Mayme Littlejohn (1903-1988),Maurice (1911-1995)sp Margaret Sweeny (1907-1977), Edith (1913-1949)sp Errol “Bill” Taggart (1916-1965), Alfred (1916-1976) sp Jean Keon (1919-2001), Nora Gertrude (1918-2008) sp Joseph Anthony Disley (1917-1960).
The depression (the lost 10 years) and the Second World War made it very difficult to survive on the fruitless farm in Lanark, so James and Mary Anne moved the family to a house on the Mississippi River in 1939 where their youngest and last child was born. James travelled to Kingston and secured employment with ALCAN where he worked until retirement at age 65. He bought a house in Kingston, and moved the family to Kingston in 1940. Their nine children were -William Emmett (Teresa Tehan), Teresa (Paul Cote), Edward (Mildred), Richard (Marie Green), Thomas (Mary Ellen Hickey), Maureen (Francis Koen), Joseph, Emmett and Margaret “Peggy” (Leonard Kalyniuk).
Here James spent countless hours on his beautiful garden and flowers, which were the pride of 69 Kingscourt Street (renamed from 13 North Albert St.)
They remained in the house until James death in 1967, Mary Anne would live another five years.
Confidence in references to information relating to the oldest Hickey relative can be spotty in family history work, so let me say that info I have from my –great-grandfather is probably about 85&% accurate because of various documents exist to show the way (census reports, church records, gravesites etc.) These sources coupled with well-told family stories have furnished lots of the information. However, since lots of circumstantial evidence all falls together, it’s probably safe to go with unless hard evidence emerges to show otherwise.